The Vatican's museums
The Vatican's museums
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go to time overture 2014 (pdf)
Ticket: 16,00 meeting place 8,00 (inf. 26 years with it enrolls it «student card» and boys inf. 14 years)
Tel. 06/69884676. Only for bookings to driven visits in Italian the Saturday, in English the other days. (Lucio63 is thanked for the kind signaling)
Transports: subway A. (stopped Ottaviano or Cipro) FM3 ( S. Pietro station)
The nucleus that picks up the Museums Vaticani was constituted by Pope Giulio II when it picked up in the courtyard of the Belvedere some masterpieces of the classical sculpture: the Apollo of the Belvedere, the Laocoonte and the Torso. Leo X, Clemente VII and Paul III enriched the collection Sisto V it realized the center of the Apostolic Library Vaticana. Clement XIV and Pio they made You realize the Museum Pio Clementino. Pio VII founded the Museum Chiaromonti Gregorio XIV it created that Etrusco and Egyptian. Pio XI made to systematize the Pinacoteca and the institution of the Museum Etnologico Missionario, Giovanni XXIII definite to move to Vatican the Museum Gregorian Sacred and Profane besides that Lapidary, until then sites in Laterano for these museums it had a new wing to build inside the complex pontifical. Paolo Vi founded the collection of Modern Religious art. In the last years, for motives for space, the Historical Museum has been moved in the papal apartment of the Building Lateranense, leaving however in Vatican the Tent of the Carriages.
Inside the Museums Vaticani L' atrium of the Four Gates is I untie it principal from which the itineraries can be chosen by to cross inside the Museums Vaticani. They are signalled by different colors that, with special arrows, they drive the tourist through a run" forced"; from here the visit you/he/she can be begun departing from the Courtyard of the Pine-cone or if she is preferred the staircase Simonetti she can be climbed-a helical ramp to two ribbed - and to access the plan that conducts to the Egyptian Gregorian Museum and the Gregorian Museum Etrusco.
The Egyptian Gregorian Museum
The Museum is composed from ten rooms, where collections writings can be admired, documents of the funeral custom, mummies, statues Egyptian gimmicks in Rome and Villa Adriana to Tivoli and also of the Assyrian reliefs.
The Gregorian Museum Etrusco
In the inside there is a harvest of painted vases with exemplary of great value. In the following rooms sarcophaguses, bronzes and golds can be admired. The Courtyard of the Pine-cone Takes name from the great bronze pine-cone, situated above the ledge of the stairway inside a great niche with base a great representative capital the crowning of a victorious athlete (coming from the Neroniane-Alexandrine Thermal baths). The bronze pine-cone, was found near the thermal baths of Agrippa, and he/she decorated a fountain that threw water with spectacular effects. During the Middle Ages the pine-cone was set in the entry of the ancient basilica of St. Pietro. To the sides of the pine-cone two peacocks in bronze, coming from the mausoleum of Adriano and in the part underlying two lions crouched in basalt.
From the courtyard of the Pine-cone it is accessed the Museum Chiaramonti:
The Museum Chiaramonti divides him in three parts: the Museum Chiaramonti, where you/they can be admired, the head of Meleagro, the statue of Eracle and Telefo, an Ollario of Publius Nonius Zethus and other works coming from deprived collections or from excavations performed in 1800. The disposition of the statues inside the Gallery, performed partly from the Bramante, you/he/she has been performed by Anthony Canova. The Lapidary Gallery represents, instead, the most important collection of the world of Latin registrations. For The visit must be asked. The New Arm, inside which some important works can be admired as: the mosaic coming from Tor Marancia, sets to coverage of a part of the floor; the statue loricata of the august one of First Door; the statue of the emperor Tito, the statue of wounded Horsewoman and a colossal statue of the Nile, copy Roman of the The I° century a.C.
From the Museum Chiaramonti to the Museum Pio-Clementino.
The Museum Pio-Clementino: The Museum is composed from the courtyard of the Belvedere and from the rooms created by Michelangelo Simonetti. This Museum entertains one of the most important collections of sculptures Greek-Romans of the world, among the so many, surely worthy of particular attention there is the famous sarcophagus of Lucio Cornelio Scipione founder of the famous family that gave the native to says Publio Cornelio Scipione the African. The sarcophagus was found together with many others in the Sepulchre of the Scipionis on the street Appia Antica to Rome. Next to this sarcophagus the note statue of the Apoxymoneos can be observed, (copy Roman of the The I° century a.C., of an original bronzy of Lisippo of the 320 b.C.). Inside the Courtyard Octagon or of the Belvedere some valuable sculptural masterpieces can be admired, the Apollo of the Belvedere (copy Roman of the II century a.C., of an original bronzy Greek of the IV century b.C.), the Laocoonte (probable copy of the The century a.C. of an original bronze of the II century b.C.), the statue of Hermes (copy Roman of age Adrianea of an original of Prassitele), the statue of Venus felix (copy Roman of the II century d.C. of the Afrodite Cnidia of Prassitele, (the head has been replaced with that of Faustina Minore, wife of the emperor Marco Aurelio) and the triumphant Perseo. The boxers Kreugas and Damoxenos, are, instead, the sculptor's work Italian Anthony Canova that it carved them in the XIX century. The rooms next to the courtyard of the Belvedere are: The Gallery of the statues, in this gallery some important Roman statues can be admired, for the more copies of original Greek of the classical period. The Room of the Animals, the name derives from the presence of statues and groups of animals, the most greater part of which I/you/they are fragments of restore ancient sculptures and integrated toward the end of 1700. The Gallery of the busts, here some portraits of Roman emperors can be seen. The Bathroom of the masks, in this room the famous statue of Venus of Diodalsas can be admired (copy Roman of an original bronzy created by this Hellenistic artist III century b .C.), the Venus Cnidia or chaste (copy Roman in marble of an original bronzy of Prassitele). it Climbs /it the muses, here the seven ancient sculptures can be seen with the Muses: the inspiring divinities of the arts, can be admired also besides the Apollo Musagete intent to play the cither. To the center of the room the famous Torso of the Belvedere excels (art neoattica of the The century b.C.) realized by Apollonio Ateniese. the Room of the rotunda, this room is covered by a dome, realized by the architect Michelangelo Simonetti, that was inspired to those some Roman buildings.
Inside this room some important statues can be admired as that of Jupiter of Otricoli (copy of the The century of an original Greek of the IV century B.C.) and the colossal statue of Ercole. In the floor there is a mosaic policromo coming from the thermal baths of Otricoli and he is characterized by scenes represented struggles of Greek against centaurs and groups of sea and river divinity. To the center of the it climbs a great monolithic cup of porfido you can be admired coming from the Domus Aurea. the Room to Greek cross, in this room they are preserved two important sarcophaguses in porfido one belonging to Costantina, daughter of the emperor Costantino and the other to Sant'Elena, mother of this same emperor. It deals with two notable examples of courtly art slow ancient (IV century d.C.); in the first sarcophagus figures of cupids intents can be admired to the pressing of the grape, while in the second they are represented a scene of triumphant riders above the defeated Barbarians. In the floor he can admire besides a color mosaic, coming from Tusculum that shows up a shield with bust of Minerva and the phases of the moon (IV century d.C.).
The itinerary continues. ..... The Gallery of the Candelabra, original the gallery was an open lodge, covered and venne built in 1761 under the pontificated of Pio VI (1775-1799). The arcade was then murata to the end of the XIX century and the ceiling painted in 1883-1887, for will of the pontiff Lion XII (1878-1903). The name of the arcade comes from the presence of the candelabra in Roman marble of age arranged in correspondence of the columns that divide in you are sections the arcade. Between the more important than works they admire we can remember the statue of Aphrodite Efesina and some Roman copies of Greek originals of period Hellenistic. The Gallery of the Tapestry, in this gallery some said tapestry of the New School are exhibited, came ordered from pope Clemente VII (1523-1534) to the students of Raffaello were put in long show the wall of political left of the arcade and represent: Adoration of the Magi, the Presentation to the temple, the Massacre of the Innocent, the Resurrection, Ges appears to the Madonna and the Supper in Emmanus. On the pareta of right hand there are, instead, of the tapestry with stages of the life of pope Urban VIII. Tapestry performed in Rome in the XVII century from the manufacture Barberini.
the Gallery Of The Geographic Papers,
in the gallery it is possible to admire forty maps which show the geographic of the Italian areas and the colonies of the Been Papal. The gallery. Pious V and the rooms of Pio V, the Sobieski room, the room Of The Immaculate Conception, the room Chiaroscuri.
the Pope Chapel Nicola V, this chapel was built in one of the parts most ancient of the Vaticani palaces. He probably was forming part of the Innocenzo III tower (1198-1216) inserted then in the first papal palace going up again to the XIII century. Nicola V (1417-1453) decided to turn it into private chapel and called delighted angelic to fescoes. This Tuscan artist he decided to decorate the walls with the chapel with the San Lorenzo histories and the histories of Saint Stefano, frescoes turns her starry with the Four Evangelists.
The rooms of Raffaello,
So named because they contain to their some inside mattering frescoes created from Raffaello Sanzio, the rooms were the private apartments of Giulio II. Chronologically the first room that was frescoed, has been better to say the time, was that of the Marking, so called because here it is reunited the court of the Marking. Here Raffaello decided to paint some mattering frescoes centered on the subject of the Virtue Teologali and Capitals. The fresco it representative the Quarrel of the Sacrament is the first pictorial work performed from the Teacher in Rome and wanted paint l' exaltation of the prides dell' Eucharist rather that the quarrel. A very well-known fresco is that of the School of Athens where is possible to observe in a same work philosophers and important men dell' antiquity with characters, artists and noble, contemporaries to Raffaello. To the center of the time you buy the figures of Platone and Aristotle. The fresco of the Parnassus, that decorates the wall where it is introduced the window that it is appeared on the Lookout, goes back to 1511 (the year is marked with a notice on the window). The ceiling of the time of this room has four medallions containing the symbolic figures representatives the Philosophy, the Justice, the Poetry and the Theology, besides there are some panels representing the Judgment of Solomon, Apollo both Marsia and l' Astronomy. The room following that decorated was that of Eliodoro that constitutes an example of what can be called painted historical because Raffaello decided to fresco it with miraculous events that had been decisive for the story of the church. The frescoes I am: Lion I stopped Attila in Rome and the Messa of Bolsena. The expulsion of Eliodoro from the temple and the Liberation of San Pietro go back to 1512-1514, while the time decorated later on according to the idea of Raffaello. The decoration of the Fire of Village goes back to 1514-1517. The name of the room derives of more important than fresco you withdraw l' fire of Village verificatosi in 847, I burn that venne tamed from the blessing of the pope Lion IV. An interesting detail show how was the facade of the basilica of San Pietro, first dell' intervention of the Bramante,. the last room is that of Constantine that not venne finished from Raffaello because died in 1520 objection from more valid its students, like Giulio Romano, Freancesco Penni and Raffaellino del Colle. This room was finished in 1525. The frescoes that came realized inside of this large room, used from the pontiffs like room of agency are centered in the figure of Constantine. The ceiling of the room was decorated with an extraordinary fresco realized from Tommaso Laurenti and represents the Triumph some religion.
The Sistine Chapel: Useless to speak it. ........ goes seen!
Michelangelo: Creation of Adam according to the book of the Types, from the dust, God created Adam to its image and similarity. In this fresco of the Sistine Chapel, Michelangelo represented God in human appearances, while infuses in Adam the vital breath.